Numbers at branch-points are percentages of 1000 bootstrap resamplings
that support the topology of the tree. Sequencing was carried out on the fliC gene of sixteen randomly selected isolates of R. pickettii, and the type strain of R. insidiosa. The phylogenetic analysis of the fliC gene can be seen in Figure 2b, with the isolates divided into two branches with B. cepacia as an out-group. The isolates identified as R. insidiosa in-group two grouped together with groups three BIBW2992 cell line and four. These however were not supported by high bootstrapping values. Group 1 is made up of R. pickettii isolates from clinical and environmental sources with 97-100% similarity to the R. pickettii type strain. Group 2 is made up of R. insidiosa with 85% similarity to the R. pickettii type strain; Group 3 is made up of both R. insidiosa and R. pickettii with 86-87% similarity to the R. pickettii type strain and Group 4 is made up of the available sequenced R. pickettii strains with 87% similarity to the R. pickettii type strain. The division of the groups did not correlate to clinical or environmental association or on their isolation location. These Ricolinostat solubility dmso results indicate that there see more is variation in
the flagellin gene of R. pickettii. RAPD PCR results and analysis RAPD analysis was carried out using four different primers, three of which (P3, P15 and M13) have been shown to discriminate between selleckchem closely related strains of Ralstonia spp. including R. mannitolilytica and Cupriavidus pauculus [Ralstonia paucula] [47, 48]. The reproducibility of the RAPD method was tested by repeating the RAPD assays at least three times for each primer used (data not shown). The results revealed that apart from some variations in the band intensity, no significant differences were observed between the profiles
obtained, confirming the reproducibility of the method. Fifty-nine isolates of R. pickettii and R. insidiosa were characterised by RAPD analysis using all four primers and all isolates were placed into genotypes (Table 3). Percent similarities based on the Pearson correlation coefficients and clustering by the UPGMA method for these isolates using the OPA03U primer is presented in Figure 3a. Dendograms for the other primers (P3, P15 and M13) are presented in Additional File 2, Figure S1, S2 and S3. Fragments ranged from approximately 100 to 1800 bp for all primers. Clusters were distinguished at a similarity cut-off level of 80%. No major differentiation between the clinical, industrial, laboratory purified water and type strains could be observed, as these all fell into separate groups (Table 3) with each primer. For each of the primers there were a number of groups, with M13 there were twenty-one groups, OPA3OU there were 15 groups, P3 there were twenty-five groups and with primer P15 there were twenty-one groups.