In this cohort of younger women, BRCA testing was motivated by ri

In this cohort of younger women, BRCA testing was motivated by risk management decisions; for some, BRCA status has affected their later decisions about having children. The perceived Nutlin-3 cell line severity of hereditary breast/ovarian cancer (HBOC) influences thoughts about passing on the

mutation to children and willingness to consider reproductive genetic testing, but most participants do not believe HBOC is a condition for which pregnancy termination is justified. PGD is considered more acceptable and advantageous because it would prevent transmission to future generations, but women have concerns about selecting embryos and the fact that they and affected family members would not have been selected. Women would also be deterred by the need to undergo in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and ovarian stimulation for PGD. Awareness of reproductive testing options was very variable among the cohort. The findings highlight the complexities of reproductive decision making for young women who knowingly carry a BRCA mutation, and the dilemmas inherent to reproductive genetic testing when the

condition being tested for also affects a prospective parent. Counselling and psychological support for BRCA-positive women and couples concerning reproductive options are strongly indicated. European Journal of Human Genetics (2012) 20, 4-10; doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2011.146; published online IGF-1R inhibitor 3 August 2011″
“Many medicines used in cancer chemotherapy decrease the quality of life (QOL). It is believed that an increase in food intake during cancer chemotherapy may produce an improvement in QOL. Curcumin is widely used as a coloring and flavoring agent in food. The effects of curcumin in relation to the chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin (DOX) were examined.\n\nWhile DOX alone did not decrease tumor weight, the combination of DOX and curcumin significantly AZD7762 molecular weight reduced tumor weight to 56.5% (p < 0.05) of that of the control group. The combined curcumin enhanced apoptosis by DOX and decreased

cell viability. The curcumin-DOX combination also suppressed activation of caspase-3, -8, and -9 compared to DOX alone. It is presumed that combining curcumin increased DOX-induced antitumor activity by suppressing the main caspase pathway and activating the main caspase independent pathway. The combination of curcumin and DOX suppressed the reduction of glutathione peroxidase activity and increased lipid peroxide levels in the heart. Therefore, it is expected that curcumin may reduce the adverse reactions associated with DOX. Our results suggest that curcumin can be used as a modulator to enhance the therapeutic index of cancer patients and improve their QOL. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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