venerupis CECT 7836T and A defluvii with an identical pattern to

venerupis CECT 7836T and A. defluvii with an identical pattern to the one of A. suis strain F41. The identification of these species required additional digestions with other enzymes (Figures 2 – 4, Additional file 2: Table S2 and Additional file 3: Table S3). Table 1 Arcobacter spp. strains used

in this study SPECIES STRAIN SOURCE A. butzleri LMG 10828T,¶,Ω, LMG 11118Ω Human faeces   W24-2-1, W24-05-1, W07-01-8, W03-03-6, W26-02-2, W03-02-7, W21-05-1, W2105-3, W21-05-7, W24-01-1, W10-01-1 Sea water   SWDS1-3-2 Sewage   F42, F46Ω, F49, F51 Pork meat   F15, F22, F23, F24, F25 Turkey meat   F44, F47, F52 Chicken meat   F43, Selleck NSC 683864 F50Ω, F53 Beef meat   F1, F2, F29, F30, F38, F98-1, SAN600-1,SAN600-6, SAN512-1, SAN547-10, SAN548-8, SAN582-1, SAN582-6 selleck Mussels   T62 Soil A. trophiarum LMG 25534T,¶,Ω, LMG 25535¶,Ω Pig faeces   CECT 7650Ω Chicken cloacae A. thereius LMG 24486T,¶,Ω, LMG 24487¶,Ω Porcine abortion foetus   SW24Ω Sewage   F61-1Ω Pork meat   F89-4 Mussels   F93-4Ω Clams A. cryaerophilus LMG 9904T,¶,Ω, LMG 9871¶,Ω Bovine abortion foetus   LMG 9865¶,Ω, LMG 10241¶,Ω, LMG 6622, LMG 10229¶,Ω Porcine abortion   LMG 7537¶, LMG 9863¶,Ω Ovine abortion foetus   LMG 10829¶ Human blood   LMG 9861¶,Ω Bovine abortion foetus   FE4Ω,

FE5¶,Ω, FE6¶,Ω, FE9¶,Ω, FE11Ω, FE13Ω Chicken cloacal swabs   FE14Ω Ovine faeces   MICV1-1¶,Ω, MICV3-2¶,Ω Cow faeces A. nitrofigilis CECT 7204T,¶,Ω, LMG 7547Ω Roots of Spartina alterniflora PRIMA-1MET mw   F39Ω, F40¶, F72Ω Mussels A. skirrowii LMG 6621T,¶,Ω Lamb faeces   LMG 9911 Porcine abortion   Houf 989¶,Ω, Houf 994Ω Cow faeces   S7Ω Sludge   F94-1Ω Clams   F125-1Ω Mussels   ArcoEΩ, ArcoFΩ   A. cibarius CECT 7203T,¶,Ω Chicken meat   NC81Ω, NC88Ω Piggery effluent   H742, H743Ω, H745, H746Ω, H748 Poultry carcasses A . halophilus LA31BT,¶,Ω Hypersaline lagoon A . mytili CECT 7386T,¶,Ω,

CECT 7385¶,Ω Mussels   T234Ω Brackish water A . marinus CECT 7727T,¶,Ω Seawater/starfish A . defluvii CECT 7697T,¶,Ω, SW28-7¶,Ω, SW28-8, SW28-9, SW28-10, SW30-2¶,Ω, SW30-7, SW30-8 Sewage   MICCC4-2Ω Pig faeces   SAN599-9Ω Mussels A . molluscorum CECT 7696T,¶,Ω, F91¶,Ω, F101-1¶,Ω Mussels A . ellisii F79-6T,¶,Ω, F79-2¶,Ω, F79-7¶,Ω Rutecarpine Mussels A . bivalviorum F4T,¶,Ω, F118-2¶,Ω, F118-4¶,Ω Mussels A . venerupis F67-11T,¶,Ω Clams A . suis F41T,¶,Ω Pork meat A . cloacae SW28-13T,¶,Ω Sewage   F26¶,Ω Mussels ATCC American Type Culture Collection, LMG Belgian Co-ordinated Collection of Micro-organisms, CECT Colección Española de Cultivos Tipo. ¶ Sequenced 16S rRNA gene. Ω Sequenced rpoB gene. Microhetergeneities in A. cryaerophilus strains interfere with RFLP identification The chromatograms of the 16S rRNA gene sequences (1405 bp) of seven of the 11 unresolved A. cryaerophilus strains (MIC V1-1, MICV3-2, FE5, FE6, FE9, LMG 9863 and LMG 9871) showed mutations (i.e. microheterogeneities) at positions 192 (T→C) and 205 (A→G), which were within the target region (TTAA) of the MseI endonuclease (Additional file 4: Figure S1).

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