Postoperative neurological complications within 2 weeks after laminoplasty were analyzed in detail. Cobb angle between C2 and C7 (C2/C7 Anlotinib angle), maximal thickness, and occupying rate of OPLL were investigated. Pre- and postoperative magnetic resonance imaging was performed on patients with postoperative neurological complications.
Results. Open-door laminoplasty was conducted in 237, double-door laminoplasty in 311, and other types of laminoplasty in 33 patients. Deterioration of lower-extremity function occurred after laminoplasty in 18 patients (3.1%). Causes of
deterioration were epidural hematoma in 3, spinal cord herniation through injured dura mater in 1, incomplete laminoplasty due to vertebral artery injury while making a trough in 1, and unidentified in 13 patients. Prevalence of unsatisfactory recovery not reaching preoperative level by 6-month follow-up was 7/581 (1.2%). Mean occupying rate of OPLL for patients with deteriorated lower-extremity function was 51.2 +/- 13.6% (range, 21.0%-73.3%), significantly higher than the 42.3 +/- 13.0% for patients without deterioration. OPLL thickness was also higher in patients with deterioration (mean, 6.6 +/- 2.2 mm) than in those without deterioration (mean, 5.7 +/-
2.0 mm). No significant difference in C2/C7 lordotic angle was seen between groups.
Conclusion. Although most neurological deterioration can be expected to TPCA-1 recover to some extent, the frequency of short-term neurological complications was higher than the authors expected.”
“The silverleaf whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) is actually a complex of morphologically indistinct species that vary in their capacity to transmit plant viruses and to induce physiological disorders in plants of economic
importance. The worldwide impact of this whitefly has increased greatly, as it is a vector of various GSK1210151A mouse types of phytovirus, especially geminiviruses, in plants of economic importance. The adaptability of B. tabaci to many regions of the world has fostered the appearance of various biotypes that attack a broad spectrum of host plants. We developed microsatellite markers to study genetic variability and population structure of this whitefly in Brazil. Thirteen polymorphic microsatellite markers were isolated and characterized in 20 individuals from a natural population that were collected in soybean in Campinas (SP). The number of alleles per locus ranged from one to two, and the expected heterozygosity ranged from 0.000 to 0.505. These microsatellite markers will be useful for studies and management of B. tabaci. The low polymorphism found in these molecular markers is probably associated with homology of genes expressed in these markers.”
“PURPOSE: To evaluate the implantation of apodized diffractive multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) in children with unilateral cataract.
SETTING: Ophthalmology Service, Hospital Clinico Lozano Blesa, Zaragoza, Spain.