The present study demonstrates that MMR decision-making can be effectively explored using a methodologically robust qualitative approach. Whilst the methodological limitations of previous work may have not unduly affected their findings,
more rigorous work like this adds methodological robustness to the literature and may be viewed more favourably by policymakers and practitioners  and . Akt inhibitor On the basis of the present study, further qualitative work may seek to explore perceptions, understanding and information sources around vaccine ingredients; and the evolution and impact of perceived behavioural norms. Concern and knowledge about perceived financial motives underpinning NHS vaccination practice and policy may be a priority for quantitative study. We are grateful selleck screening library to the parents who participated in interviews. Thanks also to at NHS Ealing (specifically Johan van Wijgerden), mumsnet.com, netmums.com, ukparentslounge.com, askamum.com, raisingkids.com, mumszone.co.uk, Ealing135
and Northolt SureStart for allowing us to recruit our participants through them. The research reported here was funded by the UK Health Protection Agency (HPA). Brown, Long, Sevdalis and Vincent are affiliated with the Imperial College Centre for Patient Safety and Service Quality, which is funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR). “
“Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus is the most common cause
of vaccine preventable encephalitis, occurring throughout most of Asia and the western Pacific  and . Transmitted by mosquitoes and sustained in the environment by pigs and water-fowl, JE is responsible for an estimated 35,000–50,000 annual cases with approximately 20–30% case-fatality. Among survivors, 30–50% will have neurological or psychiatric sequelae  and . In endemic countries JE is primarily a rural disease Phosphatidylinositol diacylglycerol-lyase of children, but in new outbreak regions, urban settings and in travellers, JE can occur in persons of any age  and . Over the past decade, there has been a pattern of geographical expansion of JE and recurrent outbreaks in Vietnam, Nepal, and India . In countries where high vaccination coverage has been achieved, such as Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and Thailand, JE has become a rare disease . The reduced risk of disease has contributed to decreasing the acceptability of mouse-brain derived vaccines, triggering the development of new vaccines that are less reactogenic and have simpler immunization schedules . However, many countries where JEV is endemic currently consider that they have insufficient information to enable effective decision-making on JE immunization programs, particularly as newer 1 and 2-dose JE vaccines replace the diminishing stockpiles of the 3-dose mouse-brain derived JE vaccine.